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Thursday, December 20, 2018

Canada: Slightly Healthier Than BoC Believes

Last week, Bank of Canada president Stephen Poloz testified before the Canadian parliament, discussing the latest Monetary Policy Report. He noted that, due to weak , low prices and a shift in governmental housing policy, the Bank was lowering their growth projections. But it also appears that after an oil price slide-induced recession, the worst may be over. And a closer look at the underlying statistics reveals an economy that is slightly healthier than the Bank’s assessment.


The top chart shows household spending as a percent of GDP since 2010. It’s risen from slightly below 57% in 2010 to over 58.5% in the latest reading. The bottom chart shows household spending subcategories as a percentage of total household spending for each quarter starting in 1Q10 (the lower bar in each category is the earliest total). The overall composition of spending has changed: since 2010, consumers slightly increased their consumption of durable goods and slightly decreased their consumption of nondurable goods. But this should be seen in the larger context of increased household spending.

The top chart shows business investment as a percent of GDP, which has arced since 2010: it was slightly above 18% in 2010, increased above 20% in 2013 and fell below 18% in 2016. The bottom charts shows business investment subcategories as a percent of GDP. While nonresidential structures spending (gold) was the primary driver of the previously described arc, the slight drop in machinery investment (gold) and intellectual property (gray) also contributed.

Both charts above are from the Monetary Policy Report; in both, the red line represents the manufacturing sector. The left charts shows overall business activity while the right chart shows income growth. While manufacturing lags in both, the service sector is doing well.

The above table shows exports as a percent of GDP. While they have increased since 2010, they dropped sharply at the beginning of 2016. Poloz noted that this corresponds to U.S. weakness. But also note that three world economic organizations (the IMF, OECD and World Bank) have all recently warning that global trade is starting to languish for a number of reasons.

While the worst may be over for Canada, there is still a higher than desired probability of sub-par growth in the near future. Oil prices are still weak and although U.S. growth rebounded in the third quarter, the overall economic environment is still weak. Global trade has been moving lower for the last three years and the developed world still suffers from weak growth. Still, there are tentative signs that the Canadian economy is done with the worst part of oil’s recent price rout.

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